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Henry Budd was born in 1812 to Cree parents in Norway House in what was then the Red River Colony. He was originally named Sakachuwescam but when baptized was renamed Henry Budd (after his own mentor) by the Anglican missionary Rev. John West in 1822. He attended the Church Missionary Society (CMS) school, which West had established in what was then known as the Red River Colony; what is now the province of Manitoba.[3
Budd returned to the Lower Church District (later St. Andrew’s to assist his mother and sister-in-law in 1828. He took a job with the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) and sometime later married Betsy Work. Upon completing his HBC contract, Budd and his wife bought a farm near the Red River’s great rapids (a/k/a St. Andrew’s). They had six children, Henry, John, Elizabeth, and 3 other daughters.
In September 1830, Henry Budd began studying for ordination under West In 1837. He began teaching at the St. John’s church school. In 1840, missionaries John Smithurst and William Cockran asked Budd to help them establish a mission to the Cree in the Cumberland House District. Budd, his wife, and mother then moved to Paskoyac (later known as The Pas), where they worked with minimal church supervision until 1844.
Bishop David Anderson ordained Budd a deacon on December 22, 1850, and in 1853 ordained him a priest as well as consecrated Christ Church, which Budd had labored to build at The Pas during the previous decade. After Hunter left in 1854, Budd continued using The Pas as a base until assigned to establish a mission at Fort a la Corne, also on the Saskatchewan River. The Church Missionary Society published some of his journals. Budd translated the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer into the Cree Language.
Beginning in 1857, after training the Rev. Henry George to succeed him at The Pas, Budd moved north to the Nepowesin Mission, where he ministered to the Plains Cree of Manitoba and Saskatchewan for a decade. There in 1864–1865, a scarlet fever epidemic took the lives of his wife, eldest son, and a daughter, so Budd sent three other children to live at Red River while he continued his work, hampered as well by injuries sustained falling off a horse.
Henry Budd was the first Native American ordained an Anglican priest, spent his career ministering to First Nations people. The Henry Budd College for Ministry, a theological college of the Diocese of Brandon for the development of First Nation, Métis, and other persons for ministry, is located at The Pas.
- “The Church Missionary Atlas (Canada)”. Adam Matthew Digital. 1896. pp. 220–226. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- ^ Edited by Canon Bertal Heeney (1920). “Leaders of the Canadian Church, volume two”. Toronto: Musson. Retrieved 12 December 2015. Edited by Canon Bertal Heeney (1920).
- “Leaders of the Canadian Church, volume two”. Toronto: Musson.
- Sarah Tucker (1851). “The Rainbow in the North: A Short Account of the First Establishment of Christianity in Rupert’s Land by the Church Missionary Society: Chapter XIII. Rev. R. and Mrs. Hunt–Summary of the Missions–Ordination of the Rev. H. Budd”. London: James Nisbet.
- “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2013-12-23.
- Katherine Pettipas, The Diary of the Reverend Henry Budd, 1870-1875 (Winnipeg, 1974), available at http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/books/mrs04.pdf p. 17
- Pettipas at p. 18
- “Letter of Henry Budd, written at Red River Academy”. The Colonial Church Chronicle and Missionary Journal, Vol. IV (January, 1851) pages 247-252. 3 August 1860.
- M. E. Johnson (1851). “Dayspring in the Far West Sketches of M
- ission-Work in North-West America: Chapter III. Extension of the Mission Westwards”. London: Seeley, Jackson and Halliday.
- Pettipas at pp. 26-27
- “Henry Budd”.
- “Henry Budd College for Ministry”. Anglican Church of Canada. 2015.
ALSO ON THIS DAY
1838 –John Hunt and his wife Hanna Summers arrived in the Fiji Islands as missionaries. Hunt brought about the conversion of the Fijians and help end the practice of cannibalism.
1854 – Death in Oxford of Martin Joseph Routh, who until three years earlier was president of Magdalen College. A notable scholar who compiled and published the works of early church fathers, Routh was in his hundredth year when he died, but clear-minded—and the owner of a personal library of 16,000 volumes, some very rare.
1917 – Italian-born Francesca Xavier Cabrini, founder of the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, dies in Chicago’s Columbus Hospital. In 1946 she was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church, becoming the first American citizen declared a saint.
2011 – Following a raid during Baptists meeting for worship in the town of Neftechala south-east of Salyan in southern Azerbaijan; authorities close a Baptist church in Neftechala, Azerbaijan, citing, “Everyone must have registration,” he insisted to local news on 20 December. “Without registration, you can’t pray. We close any place of worship that isn’t registered,